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Introduction to Health Safety and Environment (OSHA)


  • Health: Is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being of an individual not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
  • Safety: Is the state of been free from danger or harm
  • Environment: the environment is our surroundings which includes air, land and water.
  • PARE. Personnel, Assets, Reputation and Environment
  • ALARP: As Low As Reasonably Practicable. This is a term used to reduce Hazards to the barest minimum.
  • Hazard: Is any thing or activity that can cause harm or damage to PARE


  • Incident: Is an unplanned event which may or may not lead to harm or damage.
  • Accident: is unplanned event which leads to harm or damage.
  • Near-miss: is unplanned event which did not lead to harm or damage.
  • Unsafe Act and Unsafe Condition: an unsafe act is any action or omission which does not regard safety rules e.g making phone call while driving.